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Manuscript Submission Guidelines for Authors


All essays submitted to Existenz are reviewed by members of our advisory board. We encourage the submission of papers presented at philosophical meetings as well as articles issuing from independent research and scholarship. Submitted papers are not returned to authors.


The length of your manuscript is expected to be approximately 6,000 words but not less than 4,000 words. The abstract, keywords, and text of the manuscript must be double-spaced. This includes also figure legends, tables, and displays, if applicable. Make sure to use a 12-point type size, preferably Times New Roman. All pages should have margins of 1 inch on all sides. Do not justify the margins; paragraphs should be flush left, ragged right. Do not attempt to design your manuscript; keep the formatting as simple as possible and avoid using multiple fonts or multiple type sizes within the main body of the text. Do not use l (ell) for 1 (one) or O (oh) for 0 (zero). Use only one space after periods and colons. Always use a tab, not the spacebar, for paragraph indents. Use the indent function, not tabs, for setting off block quotations. Do not indent the first line of the paragraph under a subheading, but all other paragraphs should have their first line indented. Be consistent in your treatment of any particular design element. A list of items within a sentence is set of with commas, including a comma before the last item. Always allow the word-wrap function to operate; do not place hard returns at the end of a line of text. Use hard returns only to end paragraphs, headings, or items in a list. Do not create running heads or style sheets or auto-lists. Use style "Normal" for all aspects of the main body, including title and headings. Number the manuscript consecutively, beginning with the first page, and using Arabic numerals. Place all page numbers in font size 10 into the footer and center them.


Give a 100-150 words statement that summarizes your key points and clearly states aim and significance of the essay so that the reader can easily understand what is original about your contribution. Avoid repeating sentences from the body of the essay.


List between eight to ten keywords that are of central importance to your text. These words and the abstract will be included into a searchable database of The Philosopher's Index. Careful selection of adequate keywords will increase your readership.


Try to use no more than three levels of subhead. Type each heading by using upper- and lower-case letters. Differentiate each level of head in the manuscript (for example, center level 1 heads in bold face, flush left level 2 heads in italics, run-in level 3 heads in italics).


The function of superscript numbers is to indicate footnotes and they are normally placed after full stops or commas only. Do not place note superscript numbers in headings or the abstract.


Use block quotations for any quoted material exceeding 3 lines or any quotations containing multiple paragraphs. Single-space all block quotations, leaving an extra line of space above and below the quoted matter. Do not place quotation marks around the extract. Use three ellipsis points (without space before or after the ellipsis) to indicate deletions from within a sentence, four to indicate a deletion from the end of a sentence (the first ellipsis point represents a period and should be typed tight against the last word, there is one space after such ellipsis). Citations always need to be referenced with a page number from the source.


Normal. All type should be in upper and lower case.
Bold. Use it only for the title of the essay and level 1 headers.
Italics. Never to be used for emphasis. To be applied exclusively for level 2 and 3 headers, foreign language words, book titles, or journal names.
Underline. Never use underscores.
CAPS. Only to be used for acronyms.
Small Caps. Never use them.


Avoid, whenever possible abbreviations. Avoid using op.cit., cf., e.g., ibid., i.e., etc. (never use etc. at the end of a sentence, instead of it use "and so on"). Write fourth century instead of 4th century.

Notes and References

Notes are to be depicted in the form of footnotes and need to be put at the bottom of each page. Number notes consecutively using superscripts for in-text references and superscripts for the notes themselves. Style them consistently and according to the most recent online issue of Existenz. Be sure the notes are composed in 10-point font and single-spaced. Place references directly into the corresponding footnote. Only quote the source that is used, without additionally identifying different publication years or its first publication year. Do not adduce reading lists. Sources are listed only when there is a direct reference in the text relating to some contents from this source. References should look like this:

Karl Jaspers, Man in the Modern Age, transl. Eden and Cedar Paul, Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1957.

Karl Jaspers, Max Weber: Gesammelte Schriften, München, DE: Piper 1988, p. 94.

Karl Jaspers, "Die Methoden der Intelligenzprüfung und der Begriff der Demenz. Kritisches Referat (1910)," in Gesammelte Schriften zur Psychopatologie, Berlin/Heidelberg, DE: Springer 1963, pp. 142-190, here pp. 142-3.

Moritz Geiger, "Über das Wesen und Bedeutung der Einfühlung," in Bericht über den vierten Kongress für experimentelle Psychologie in Innsbruck vom 19. bis 22. April 1910, Leipzig: Barth 1911, 29-73. [Henceforth cited as WBE, all translation by the author.]

Charles Sanders Peirce, "The First Rule of Logic (1899)," in The Essential Peirce: Selected Philosophical Writings, Volume 2 (1893-1913), ed. The Peirce Edition Project, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press 1998, pp. 42-56, here p. 49.

Judith Green, "Jamesian Reasonable Belief and Deweyan Religious Communities: Reconstructing Philosophy Pragmatically with Philip Kitcher," Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 50/1 (Winter 2014), 69-96, here pp. 70, 76.

Antonio R. Damasio, Daniel Tranel, and Hanna C. Damasio, "Somatic Markers and the Guidance of Behavior: Theory and Preliminary Testing," in Frontal Lobe Function and Dysfunction, eds. Harvey S. Levin, Howard M. Eisenberg, Arthur L. Benton, New York, NY: Oxford University Press 1991, pp. 217-29.


Since the pronouns they, them, their, and theirs cannot logically be applied to a singular person, Existenz does not use these in place of a common-gender third person singular pronoun, except in circumstances when the singular pronoun refers to a specific person who requested to be addressed with epicene characteristics. Skillful editing will most of the time find alternatives to replace pronouns, as there are many ways to achieve gender-neutral language. Constructions such as "he or she," "s/he," and their inflected forms are to be avoided.


Guidlelines for Guest Editors

Guest editors are responsible for the following tasks:
- All manuscript guidelines are being observed
- All citations are fact-checked with their original source
- All bibliographical references are checked for accuracy and full details (first name of authors or editors or translators, precise titles)
- Copyediting includes that grammar and spelling are corrected
- Composition of essay is carefully assessed for consistency of terminology, proper sequence, for narrative flow, precision, and a clear thesis statement
- Provision of a 330 to 360 words summary statement that outlines the scope and relevance of the papers (precise word count is needed for this task)
- All essays are submitted in individual files and with consistent formatting applied to them



Please send completed manuscripts in electronic format, preferably in Microsoft Word, to the editor:
Helmut Wautischer