Volume 15, No. 2, Fall 2020
Reading Nietzsche's 'Educational Institutions' with Jaspers & MacIntyre on The Idea of the University—and Severus Snape
Babette Babich |
Jaspers' Reading of Nietzsche's Antichrist
Dirk R. Johnson | Hampden-Sydney College
Jaspers' slim volume Nietzsche and Christianity (1938) responds fifty years later to Nietzsche's polemic, The Antichrist (1888). While his text gives a sensitive close reading of one of Nietzsche's final works, Jaspers subtly interprets Nietzsche's polemic in way that distorts the intentions of Nietzsche's text and thereby draws the wrong conclusions. In part this is due to Jaspers' allegiance to Heidegger and his effort to interpret Nietzsche's text as an attempt to overturn historical Christianity. Jaspers' reading allows him to distract from Nietzsche's polemical animus and to salvage Christianity from the true brunt of Nietzsche's radical critique.
Keywords: Christianity; Heidegger, Martin; ressentiment; Platonism.
Friedrich Nietzsche and Karl Jaspers on Living the Truth
Martine S. Prange | Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Karl Jaspers' Boundary Situations and Miguel de Unamuno’s Hunger for Immortality: The Case for Existenz and Reason in an Age of Irrationality
Rolando Pérez |
Oedipus and the Riddle of Human Existence
Eva Cybulska |
London, United Kingdom
Oedipus, as portrayed by Sophocles in Oedipus Tyrannus, is probably the most paradoxical and controversial character in Western literature. A hero who saved the ancient city of Thebes from the menacing Sphinx by solving her riddle, is declared a polluter, responsible for the plague. Oedipus conducts the investigation in public, declares himself guilty and is sentenced to exile. In the process, not only does he discover his identity but he also creates it and becomes who he is. The figure of Oedipus is interpreted here as an answer to the riddle of existence: pain and suffering are not a punishment from the gods but the price humanity pays for consciousness, autonomy, compassion and daring. Dreadful deeds, as well as magnanimity of the spirit, are at the heart of man..
Keywords: Oedipus; Sophocles; Jaspers, Karl; Sartre, Jean-Paul; Nietzsche, Friedrich; Camus, Albert; boundary situation; existential freedom; consciousness; plague.
Nietzsche's The Joyous Science
R. Kevin Hill |
Portland State University
Cheerful Creation of Words and Worlds
Ruth A. Burch | CTA Istituto Interlingue, Lugano, Switzerland
Joyous Conquest? On Retranslating Nietzsche's Die fröhliche Wissenschaft
Duncan Large |
University of East Anglia, UK
The Dialectics of The Gay Science
Matthew Meyer |
Truth, Loneliness, and Eternal Recurrence: On Hill's Translation of The Joyous Science
Justin Remhof |
Old Dominion University
Reframing Jaspers' Nietzsche: A Study of Shared Modality in the Philosophies of Karl Jaspers and Friedrich Nietzsche
Julia Ely |
La Trobe University, Australia
Against the claim that Jaspers appropriates Nietzsche’s thought, this article seeks to highlight a natural affinity that exists between the two thinkers in their modal appreciation of human existence. Superimposing their philosophies, I will show that both strive for an honest accounting of human existence by registering the way we live through multiple, irreconcilable modal frameworks. Using Jaspers’ limit-inducing thought experiments and his model of the Encompassing, I argue that Nietzsche holds a meta-modal awareness of the tensions that exist between scientific world-viewing and the aesthetic/spiritual modes through which we understand our selves and our world. Specific attention will be paid to the mode of Existenz, with Jaspers’ study of Nietzsche on truth revealing Nietzsche’s appreciation of the way cognition terminates in the self-reference paradox. Finally, this insight will be used to interpret Nietzsche’s claims that play is fundamental to philosophy and that error is fundamental to life.
Keywords: Jaspers, Karl; Nietzsche, Friedrich; truth; existence; Existenz, Encompassing; modality; self-reference paradox.